Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder that affects many people, particularly women. It appears as irregular, brownish patches on the skin and is often caused by hormonal imbalances, sun exposure, genetics, and certain medications. While melasma is a benign skin condition, it can significantly impact a person’s self-esteem and confidence.
At Urban Clinic, we understand the emotional distress that melasma can cause, and we strive to help our patients achieve flawless, even-toned skin. Our team of experienced dermatologists specializes in treating various pigmentation concerns, including melasma, using revolutionary USFDA-approved methods with proven safety and efficacy.
One of the most effective treatments for melasma is a combination of topical creams and chemical peels. Our dermatologists will evaluate your skin type and the severity of your condition to recommend the most suitable treatment plan for you.
What Causes Melasma?
Melasma is a common skin condition that causes brown or grayish-brown patches on the skin. The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but there are several factors that can contribute to its development. Here are some of the primary causes of melasma:
Sun/UV Exposure: Exposure to UV radiation from the sun or electronic screens can trigger excess melanin production in the skin and worsen or cause melasma.
Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, or due to conditions like hypothyroidism can cause or worsen melasma. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity is often linked to melasma.
Family History: Those with a family history of melasma have a higher risk of developing the condition.
Skin Colour: People with darker skin are more susceptible to melasma than those with lighter skin.
Chemical-based Skin Care Products: The use of skin-care products with fragrances and chemicals that can irritate the skin can trigger melasma.
Signs And Symptoms Of Melasma
- Freckle-like spots
- Flat patches of brown, blue or grey color
- Defined or diffused patches
- The patches usually occur symmetrically on the cheeks, forehead, nose, chin and jawline.
- Chemical peels are a cosmetic treatment that involves the application of natural extracts, such as glycolic acid and kojic acid, on discolored skin for controlled exfoliation of the top layers.
The purpose of this treatment is to inhibit melanin formation, which is responsible for the darkening of the skin.
- Chemical peels are most effective in reducing epidermal melasma, a condition characterized by brown patches on the face.
- To attain visible results, multiple sessions of chemical peel treatment are typically required, with regular intervals of a few weeks between each session.
- The concentration of the natural extracts used in the chemical peel treatment is typically adjusted based on the severity of the skin discoloration and the patient’s skin type.
- During the treatment, the natural extracts are applied to the skin using a brush or sponge and left on for a certain amount of time before being rinsed off.
- After the treatment, it is common to experience redness, peeling, and some discomfort for a few days.
- It is important to follow the post-treatment instructions provided by the practitioner to minimize any side effects and achieve optimal results.
- Chemical peels are generally considered safe when performed by a qualified practitioner, but there are some risks involved, such as infection, scarring, and changes in skin color.
Melasma Treatment Cost in India
The cost of melasma laser treatment can vary widely depending on the severity of the condition, the type of laser used, and the number of sessions required. On average, the cost of melasma laser treatment in India ranges from Rs 5,000 to 15,000 per session. The cost may be higher or lower depending on the location of the clinic and the experience of the doctor.
The type of laser used for melasma treatment can also affect the cost. For example, fractional laser treatments are generally more expensive than traditional laser treatments.
It is important to note that multiple sessions may be required to achieve optimal results, so the total cost of treatment can add up.
Factors such as skin type, age, and overall health can also influence the cost and effectiveness of melasma laser treatment. You can come at our Urban Clinic where you will get full information about Melasma treatment.
Prior to undergoing melasma laser treatment, it is important to consult with a qualified dermatologist to discuss the potential risks, benefits, and cost of the procedure.
How To Prevent Melasma?
- Avoid excessive sun exposure during peak sunlight hours.
- Use protective gear like scarves, sunglasses, and umbrellas when going out in the sun.
- Regularly use sunscreen with SPF 30 or above as recommended by your dermatologist. Reapply every three hours.
- Maintain a nutrient-rich diet with vitamin D and establish proper skin-care habits to keep the skin healthy and protected from various skin disorders, including melasma.
- Consult a doctor before using hormonal pills or contraceptives, especially if you have a positive family history of melasma.
Consult a Specialist Today
Many of the techniques for preventing pimples may also be used to cure them. Eating well, avoiding stress, and not popping pimples may help manage zits and reduce their length. If your acne continues despite your best efforts, you may need prescription acne treatment. Consult your dermatologist if you’re uncertain about treatment.
Melasma Treatment FAQ
The early symptoms of Acne can be small tender bumps on the skin, which are often filled with pus. You can even develop a combination of these breakouts on your skin. Some of the most common and early symptoms of Acne are as follows
- Blackheads – It is yellowish and has small black bumps on the skin. These look black due to the presence of pigmentation produced because of the inner lining of the hair follicle. The dermatologist highly recommends treating these with retinoid instead of squeezing it out because it can leave a permanent scar
- Whiteheads are similar to blackheads in terms of appearance but firmer, and they can’t be completely squeezed out. It can be cured with the help of acne treatment, as plucking them up can be painful and infectious.
- Pimple – The dead skin cells and bacteria get trapped inside a pore and cause pimples if these are mild, then they can be treated with acne products that contain a retinoid, azelaic acid, or benzoyl peroxide.
- Acne nodule or cyst – Acne nodules are larger acne bumps that build up under the skin, which can be very painful. Cyst looks like boils and carries the highest risks of causing permanent scars. In some cases, dermatologists prefer to inject it with medication which helps them to clear it more quickly.
The common risk factors for Acne are as follows
- Age – Acne is very common in teenagers; however, it can occur to anyone at any stage of life, and people of all ages can get it.
- Changes in Hormonal balance – Androgen hormones increase in girls and boys during puberty and expand the sebaceous glands while making it more sebum. These hormonal changes can lead to breakouts, particularly in women in their midlife, which allows Acne to stay for longer than usual
- Medical History – If any of your parents or both parent has Acne, there is a higher chance for you to develop it too as genetics plays a very important role in Acne
- Uses of oily and greasy products – If you are using any oily lotions or creams on your skin, then you might develop Acne
- Friction on your skin – If your acne-prone skin is continuously in contact with cell phones, telephone, backpacks, helmets, and tight collars, then it can create friction, and then you might develop Acne
If you have mild Acne, you can speak to the pharmacy and easily get medical to cure it which is a smart move to stop the outspread of Acne, but dermatologist believes that two pimples can be alike and the dermatologist can guide you and advise you regarding the treatment options for different types of Acne. Here are the three questions which are the best indicators that you need to see a doctor for Acne
- Are the gels, creams, and cleansers you have been using have stopped working?
- Is Acne reducing your confidence, or is it taking a toll on your self-esteem?
- Are the pimples painful and leaving dark spots and scars behind?
If the answer to all these questions is yes, then you need to consult a dermatologist immediately.