dandruff treatment


Dandruff is a common condition that affects many people. It is characterized by the formation of white or yellowish flakes on the scalp, which can be itchy and uncomfortable. While dandruff is not a serious medical condition, it can be embarrassing and can affect one’s self-esteem. Fortunately, there are many effective treatments available for dandruff.

Treating Dandruff

  1. Use medicated shampoos containing salicylic acid, coal tar, zinc pyrithione, or selenium sulfide regularly as per the instructions on the label.

  2. Try natural remedies like tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar. Dilute tea tree oil in a carrier oil and apply it to the scalp for 30 minutes before washing it off with shampoo. Mix equal parts apple cider vinegar and water and apply it to the scalp after shampooing, leaving it on for a few minutes before rinsing it off.

  3. Consider using over-the-counter antifungal treatments like ketoconazole, which can be applied to the scalp.

  4. Avoid scratching the scalp, as it can worsen dandruff and lead to infections.
How to Treat Dandruff
How to Prevent Dandruff

Preventing Dandruff

  1. Wash your hair regularly, but not too often, as over-washing can strip the scalp of its natural oils.

  2. Use gentle, moisturizing shampoos and avoid using harsh styling products that can irritate the scalp.

  3. Practice good hygiene, such as washing your hairbrushes and combs regularly.

  4. Manage stress levels, as stress can contribute to dandruff.

  5. Follow a healthy diet and lifestyle, as poor nutrition and unhealthy habits can contribute to dandruff

If dandruff persists despite trying these tips, it’s best to consult a dermatologist for further evaluation and treatment.

Dandruff Shampoos You Can Use

  • Dandruff shampoos are classified based on the medication they contain.

  • Some stronger formulations may require a prescription.

  • Pyrithione zinc shampoos contain zinc pyrithione, which has antibacterial and antifungal properties.

  • Tar-based shampoos, such as Neutrogena T/Gel and Scalp 18 Coal Tar Shampoo, slow down the rate at which scalp skin cells die and flake off. They may cause discoloration on light-colored hair and increased sensitivity to sunlight.

  • Shampoos with salicylic acid, such as Jason Dandruff Relief Treatment Shampoo and Baker P&S, help to eliminate scaling.

  • Selenium sulfide shampoos, like Head & Shoulders Intensive and Selsun Blue, contain an antifungal agent. They should be used as directed and rinsed well, as they can discolor hair and scalp.

  • Ketoconazole shampoos, such as Nizoral Anti-Dandruff, are meant to kill dandruff-causing fungi on the scalp.

  • Fluocinolone shampoos, like Capex and Derma-Smoothe/FS, contain a corticosteroid to control itching, flaking, and irritation.
Dandruff Shampoos You Can Use

Consult a Specialist Today

Many of the techniques for preventing pimples may also be used to cure them. Eating well, avoiding stress, and not popping pimples may help manage zits and reduce their length. If your acne continues despite your best efforts, you may need prescription acne treatment. Consult your dermatologist if you’re uncertain about treatment.

FAQ for Dandruff Treatment

The early symptoms of Acne can be small tender bumps on the skin, which are often filled with pus. You can even develop a combination of these breakouts on your skin. Some of the most common and early symptoms of Acne are as follows

  • Blackheads – It is yellowish and has small black bumps on the skin. These look black due to the presence of pigmentation produced because of the inner lining of the hair follicle. The dermatologist highly recommends treating these with retinoid instead of squeezing it out because it can leave a permanent scar
  • Whiteheads are similar to blackheads in terms of appearance but firmer, and they can’t be completely squeezed out. It can be cured with the help of acne treatment, as plucking them up can be painful and infectious.
  • Pimple – The dead skin cells and bacteria get trapped inside a pore and cause pimples if these are mild, then they can be treated with acne products that contain a retinoid, azelaic acid, or benzoyl peroxide.
  • Acne nodule or cyst – Acne nodules are larger acne bumps that build up under the skin, which can be very painful. Cyst looks like boils and carries the highest risks of causing permanent scars. In some cases, dermatologists prefer to inject it with medication which helps them to clear it more quickly.

The common risk factors for Acne are as follows

  • Age – Acne is very common in teenagers; however, it can occur to anyone at any stage of life, and people of all ages can get it.
  • Changes in Hormonal balance – Androgen hormones increase in girls and boys during puberty and expand the sebaceous glands while making it more sebum. These hormonal changes can lead to breakouts, particularly in women in their midlife, which allows Acne to stay for longer than usual
  • Medical History – If any of your parents or both parent has Acne, there is a higher chance for you to develop it too as genetics plays a very important role in Acne
  • Uses of oily and greasy products – If you are using any oily lotions or creams on your skin, then you might develop Acne
  • Friction on your skin – If your acne-prone skin is continuously in contact with cell phones, telephone, backpacks, helmets, and tight collars, then it can create friction, and then you might develop Acne

If you have mild Acne, you can speak to the pharmacy and easily get medical to cure it which is a smart move to stop the outspread of Acne, but dermatologist believes that two pimples can be alike and the dermatologist can guide you and advise you regarding the treatment options for different types of Acne. Here are the three questions which are the best indicators that you need to see a doctor for Acne

  • Are the gels, creams, and cleansers you have been using have stopped working?
  • Is Acne reducing your confidence, or is it taking a toll on your self-esteem?
  • Are the pimples painful and leaving dark spots and scars behind?

If the answer to all these questions is yes, then you need to consult a dermatologist immediately.

Why Urban Skin and Hair Clinic









Female Hair Loss Results Before & After

skin before skin after
Pigmentation before Pigmentation after
Laser Hair Removal before Laser Hair Removal after
Melasma before Melasma after
Scroll to Top

Get An Appointment

Open chat
Need Help
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Can we help you?